FR
Canada
06/07/2021
A. Annual series
A.1 Foreign-born population, 1996-2019
(Individuals)
Years Total Population Foreign-born
All foreign-born Born in Portugal
N Change in N % of total Change in N % of total As a % of all foreign-born Change in
2019 37,411,047 2.1 7,960,657 21.3 1.2 148,513 0.4 1.9 -7.8
2017 36,624,199 5.9 7,861,226 21.5 -4.4 161,055 0.4 2.0 11.1
2016 34,460,060 -4.3 8,219,550 23.9 9.6 143,160 0.4 1.8 3.2
2015 36,026,676 8.8 7,428,657 20.6 2.8 138,589 0.4 1.9 -1.2
2011 32,852,325 -3.8 7,217,295 22.0 6.3 140,310 0.4 2.0 1.3
2010 34,147,564 8.5 6,761,226 19.8 8.5 138,520 0.4 2.0 -7.9
2006 31,241,030 -2.9 6,186,950 19.8 1.7 150,390 0.5 2.4 6.2
2005 32,164,309 6.7 6,078,985 18.9 10.4 141,057 0.4 2.3 -8.1
2001 30,007,095 -1.9 5,448,480 18.2 -1.2 153,530 0.5 2.8 -0.5
2000 30,588,383 5.7 5,511,914 18.0 9.8 154,283 0.5 2.8 -2.9
1996 28,846,761 .. 4,971,070 17.2 .. 158,815 0.6 3.2 ..
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 03/06/2021
Chart
Born in Portugal
Note Data obtained by sampling (about 25% of the total population). 
The 2006 data of total population and with Portuguese nationality were amended by the responsible entity and updated by OEm on 18/03/2021.  
The data from 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 were revised by the UN and amended by OEm on 04/06/2021.
A.1.1 Residents born in Portugal by sex, 2000-2019
(indivíduos)
Years All foreign-born Female Male
N N % of total N % of total
2019 148,513 75,971 51.2 72,542 48.8
2017 161,055 82,046 51.0 79,009 49.1
2016 143,160 72,970 51.0 70,190 49.0
2015 138,589 70,894 51.2 67,695 48.8
2011 140,315 71,490 51.0 68,825 49.1
2010 138,520 70,566 51.0 67,954 49.1
2005 141,057 72,565 51.4 68,492 48.6
2000 154,283 79,855 51.8 74,428 48.2
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 05/05/2021
Chart
Residents born in Portugal by sex
Note Data obtained by sampling (about 25% of the total population).
The totals in this table may not correspond to those in table "A.1 Resident population by place of birth" due to source rounding issues.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Statistics Canada2011 Census2016 Census.
A.1.2 Residents born in Portugal by age group, 2011-2016
(Individuals)
Years All foreign-born < 15 15-39 40-64 > 65
N N % of total N % of total N % of total N % of total
2016 143,155 1,520 1.1 16,462 11.5 76,778 53.6 48,395 33.8
2011 140,305 860 0.6 21,537 15.4 79,393 56.6 38,515 27.5
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 05/05/2021
Chart
Residents born in Portugal by age group
Note Data obtained by sampling (about 25% of the total population).
A homogeneous distribution in the 35-44 group was assumed to match the groups used with the groups available from Statistics of Canada.
The totals in this table may not correspond to those in table "A.1 Resident population by place of birth" due to source rounding issues.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Statistics Canada2011 Census2016 Census.
A.2 Foreign population, 1996-2019
(Individuals)
Years Total Population All foreign-born
All foreign-born Foreigners with Portuguese citizenship
N Change in N % of total Change in N % of total As a % of all foreigners Change in
2019 37,411,047 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2017 36,624,199 5.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2016 34,460,060 -4.3 2,425,190 7.0 .. 25,855 0.1 0.3 ..
2015 36,026,676 8.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2011 32,852,325 -3.8 1,957,015 6.0 .. 23,765 0.1 0.3 ..
2010 34,147,564 8.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2006 31,241,030 -2.9 1,760,865 5.6 .. 57,075 0.2 0.9 ..
2005 32,164,309 6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2001 30,007,095 -1.9 1,370,005 4.6 .. .. .. .. ..
2000 30,588,383 5.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
1996 28,846,761 .. 1,543,285 5.4 .. .. .. .. ..
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 03/06/2021
Chart
Foreigners with Portuguese citizenship
Note Data obtained by sampling (about 25% of the total population). 
The 2006 data of total population and with Portuguese nationality were amended by the responsible entity and updated by OEm on 18/03/2021.  
The data from 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 were revised by the UN and amended by OEm on 04/06/2021.
A.2.1 Resident population with Portuguese citizenship by sex, 2006-2016
(Individuals)
Years All foreign-born Female Male
N N % of total N % of total
2016 25,855 12,565 48.6 13,290 51.4
2011 23,765 12,070 50.8 11,695 49.2
2006 57,080 29,130 51.0 27,950 49.0
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 05/05/2021
Chart
Resident population with Portuguese citizenship by sex
Note Data obtained by sampling (about 25% of the total population).
The totals in this table may not correspond to those in table "A.2 Foreign population" due to source rounding issues.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Statistics Canada, 2006 Census2011 Census2016 Census.
A.2.2 Resident population with Portuguese citizenship by age group, 2011-2016
(Individuals)
Years All foreign-born < 15 15-39 40-64 > 65
N N % of total N % of total N % of total N % of total
2016 25,855 965 3.7 6,472 25.0 13,518 52.3 4,900 19.0
2011 23,760 475 2.0 6,190 26.1 12,705 53.5 4,390 18.5
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 05/05/2021
Chart
Resident population with Portuguese citizenship by age group
Note Data obtained by sampling (about 25% of the total population).
A homogeneous distribution in the 35-44 group was assumed to match the groups used with the groups available from Statistics of Canada.
The totals in this table may not correspond to those in table "A.2 Foreign population" due to source rounding issues.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Statistics Canada2011 Census2016 Census.
A.3 Consular registrations, 2008-2019
(Individuals)
Years All registrations Registrations by migrants born in Portugal Registrations by migrants with Portuguese citizenship
N Change in N % of total Change in N % of total Change in
2019 181,645 25.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2018 135,301 -0.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2017 135,678 -3.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2016 139,924 -41.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2015 238,369 -3.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2014 246,432 38.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2013 151,087 11.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2012 133,954 1.1 103,653 77.4 2.1 115,786 86.4 1.8
2011 132,467 1.4 101,519 76.6 -1.1 113,649 85.8 -11.2
2010 130,607 3.1 102,603 78.6 2.2 128,052 98.0 3.1
2009 126,612 11.1 100,296 79.2 9.4 124,082 98.0 11.3
2008 112,552 .. 90,819 80.7 .. 110,054 97.8 ..
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 18/10/2020
Chart
All consular resgistrations
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Portuguese consulates abroad and Consular Management System (DGACCP), values granted under request.
A.4 Foreign inflows, 2000-2020
(Individuals)
Years Total inflows Portuguese inflows
N Change in N % of total Change in
2020 184,590 -45.9 550 0.3 -35.7
2019 341,175 5.9 855 0.3 -1.2
2018 321,055 10.8 865 0.3 8.7
2017 286,510 -3.3 790 0.3 -7.6
2016 296,370 8.3 855 0.3 2.9
2015 271,840 4.2 830 0.3 23.3
2014 260,297 0.5 637 0.2 1.1
2013 259,033 0.5 630 0.2 11.1
2012 257,763 3.5 560 0.2 5.7
2011 248,702 -11.4 528 0.2 -16.1
2010 280,690 10.2 629 0.2 1.1
2009 252,170 2.0 622 0.2 -6.3
2008 247,243 4.2 664 0.3 39.3
2007 236,762 -5.9 403 0.2 -4.7
2006 251,649 -4.0 423 0.2 20.1
2005 262,246 10.1 338 0.1 0.6
2004 235,858 6.1 336 0.2 2.1
2003 221,396 -3.4 329 0.2 -9.1
2002 229,123 -8.6 362 0.2 -31.8
2001 250,656 9.3 531 0.2 11.9
2000 227,470 .. 468 0.2 ..
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 06/07/2021
Chart
Portuguese inflows
Note data from 2015 to 2018 have been reviewed by Citizenship and Immigration Canada and amended by OEm on 06/07/2021.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Citizenship and Immigration CanadaPermanent Resident Admissions, Permanent resident admissions by source country.
A.5 Acquisition of citizenship of the destination country, 2000-2018
(Individuals)
Years Acquisition of citizenship by all foreigners Acquisition of citizenship by Portuguese
N Change in N % of total Change in
2018 176,470 40.0 277 0.2 14.4
2017 105,813 -28.1 237 0.2 -58.7
2016 147,267 -41.4 574 0.4 -30.2
2015 251,144 -3.1 822 0.3 -44.3
2014 259,274 50.8 1,477 0.6 41.4
2013 127,470 12.2 865 0.7 4.4
2012 111,923 -37.6 827 0.7 -22.6
2011 179,451 20.0 1,068 0.6 -9.0
2010 143,579 -8.2 1,174 0.8 -11.1
2009 156,363 -11.5 1,321 0.8 -2.9
2008 176,617 -11.6 1,361 0.8 -20.9
2007 199,894 -23.4 1,720 0.9 -27.3
2006 260,838 23.8 2,365 0.9 6.0
2005 198,773 2.3 2,222 1.1 2.0
2004 194,130 19.9 2,178 1.1 43.6
2003 155,535 9.4 1,229 0.8 -12.7
2002 140,967 -15.8 1,407 1.0 -50.2
2001 167,353 -22.0 2,824 1.7 21.0
2000 214,568 .. 2,230 1.0 ..
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 05/10/2020
Chart
Acquisition of citizenship by Portuguese
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from OCDE, Data by Theme, Demography and Population – Migration Statistics, International Migration Database.
A.6 Remittances, 2000-2020
(Euros, thousands)
Years Inward flows (thousand euros) (a) Outward flows (thousand euros) (b) Balance (a/b)
Change in Change in
2020 21,990 1.7 2,500 29.2 9
2019 21,610 0.5 1,770 -4.3 12
2018 21,510 -16.0 1,850 -11.1 12
2017 25,610 -18.4 2,080 -8.4 12
2016 31,400 -3.4 2,270 4.0 14
2015 32,490 -48.3 2,180 9.2 15
2014 62,890 32.0 1,980 -42.6 32
2013 42,790 -6.8 3,450 -14.4 12
2012 45,900 12.4 4,030 16.4 11
2011 40,220 -13.0 3,370 21.7 12
2010 46,250 9.5 2,640 13.3 18
2009 41,870 -26.2 2,290 -31.4 18
2008 56,760 -25.7 3,340 -34.1 17
2007 76,410 10.4 5,070 -16.1 15
2006 68,490 -6.6 6,040 -5.0 11
2005 73,300 -0.9 6,360 2.0 12
2004 73,950 -11.1 6,230 -9.4 12
2003 83,160 -8.7 6,880 -24.7 12
2002 91,100 -20.6 9,140 -5.6 10
2001 114,680 -21.3 9,680 53.6 12
2000 145,740 .. 4,490 .. 32
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 17/02/2021
Chart
Remittances
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Banco de PortugalBP stat, Estatísticas de balança de pagamentos, Remessas de emigrantes/imigrantes.
B. Census
B.1 Resident population by census and nationality, according to country of birth, 2011-2017
(indivíduos)
Nationality Total Population Foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2016/2017            
Total Population 34,460,065 100.0 8,219,550 100.0 143,160 100.0
Nationality of the destination country 32,034,585 93.0 5,794,360 70.5 117,305 81.9
Foreign nationality 2,425,480 7.0 2,425,190 29.5 25,855 18.1
2011/2012            
Total Population 32,852,320 100.0 7,217,295 100.0 140,315 100.0
Nationality of the destination country 30,895,305 94.0 5,261,105 72.9 116,550 83.1
Foreign nationality 1,957,015 6.0 1,956,190 27.1 23,765 16.9
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 06/07/2021
Chart
Residents born in Portugal by nationality
B.2 Resident population by census and sex, according to country of birth, 2011-2017
(indivíduos)
By sex Total Population Foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2016/2017            
Total Population 34,460,060 100.0 8,219,560 100 143,160 100
Female 17,488,485 50.8 4,283,510 52.1 72,970 51.0
Male 16,971,575 49.2 3,936,050 47.9 70,190 49.0
2011/2012            
Total Population 32,852,325 100.0 7,217,295 100 140,315 100
Female 16,689,210 50.8 3,763,070 52.1 71,490 51.0
Male 16,163,115 49.2 3,454,225 47.9 68,825 49.1
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 06/07/2021
Chart
Residents born in Portugal by sex
B.3 Resident population by census and age group, according to country of birth, 2011-2017
(indivíduos)
By age group Total Population Foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2016/2017            
Total Population 34,460,071 100.0 8,219,546 22.5 143,156 0.4
-15 Years 5,817,050 16.9 481,530 5.9 1,520 1.1
15-39 Years 11,062,188 32.1 2,657,353 32.3 16,463 11.5
40-64 Years 12,100,923 35.1 3,379,093 41.1 76,778 53.6
65+ Years 5,479,910 15.9 1,701,570 20.7 48,395 33.8
2011/2012            
Total Population 32,852,326 100.0 7,217,306 20.6 140,306 0.4
-15 Years 5,592,800 17.0 439,930 6.1 860 0.6
15-39 Years 10,848,733 33.0 2,324,633 32.2 21,538 15.4
40-64 Years 11,859,258 36.1 3,080,558 42.7 79,393 56.6
65+ Years 4,551,535 13.9 1,372,185 19.0 38,515 27.5
[ .. ]Data not available, residual data, not applicable[ e ]EstimateLast update: 06/07/2021
Chart
Residents born in Portugal by age group

Blogs and websites from Portuguese abroad

Home

Significant decrease in the number of Portuguese entries in Canada in 2020

Slight decrease in the number of Portuguese entries in Canada in 2019

Portuguese Associations Abroad

Resources

Bibliography

(2016), La langue et son parcours dans le temps et dans l’espace : La « communauté portugaise » à Montréal, Cahiers de l´URMIS, null,

Videography

João Sardinha; António João Saraiva (2,012), Regressa Urgente (Return Urgent), 52, Portugal , Canadá, N eel Naik - Ra Atelier, (Documentário)

Research Center

CERIS – The Ontario Metropolis Centre

SAMP – Southern African Migration Project

Metropolis Canada

PDF
XLSX

Observatório da Emigração Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa

Av. das Forças Armadas,
1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal

T. (+351) 210 464 018

F. (+351) 217 940 074

observatorioemigracao@iscte-iul.pt

Partners Support