FR
Spain
18/03/2021
Annual Series
A.1 Foreign-born population, 2000-2020
(individuals)
Years Total Population Foreign-born
All foreign-born Born in Portugal
N Change in % N As a % of total population Change in % N As a % of total population As a % of all foreign-born Change in %
2020 47,450,795 0.9 7,231,195 15.2 7.1 95,221 0.2 1.3 1.0
2019 47,026,208 0.6 6,753,098 14.4 5.7 94,319 0.2 1.4 -0.2
2018 46,722,980 0.3 6,386,904 13.7 3.4 94,520 0.2 1.5 -1.8
2017 46,572,132 0.0 6,180,342 13.3 0.9 96,266 0.2 1.6 -3.9
2016 46,557,008 -0.2 6,123,769 13.2 -0.6 100,027 0.2 1.6 -7.2
2015 46,624,382 -0.3 6,162,932 13.2 -2.0 107,226 0.2 1.7 -8.8
2014 46,771,341 -0.8 6,283,712 13.4 -5.7 116,710 0.2 1.9 -15.0
2013 47,129,783 -0.3 6,640,536 14.1 -1.8 134,248 0.3 2.0 -6.9
2012 47,265,321 0.2 6,759,780 14.3 1.2 143,488 0.3 2.1 -2.0
2011 47,190,493 0.4 6,677,839 14.2 1.1 146,298 0.3 2.2 -1.7
2010 47,021,031 0.6 6,604,181 14.0 2.1 148,789 0.3 2.3 0.4
2009 46,745,807 1.3 6,466,278 13.8 7.0 148,154 0.3 2.3 8.8
2008 46,157,822 2.1 6,044,528 13.1 15.1 136,171 0.3 2.3 22.0
2007 45,200,737 1.1 5,249,993 11.6 8.5 111,575 0.2 2.1 19.0
2006 44,708,964 1.4 4,837,622 10.8 10.2 93,767 0.2 1.9 16.0
2005 44,108,530 2.1 4,391,484 10.0 18.9 80,846 0.2 1.8 13.8
2004 43,197,684 1.1 3,693,806 8.6 11.9 71,065 0.2 1.9 -1.1
2003 42,717,064 2.1 3,302,440 7.7 27.3 71,843 0.2 2.2 6.7
2002 41,837,894 1.8 2,594,052 6.2 31.7 67,313 0.2 2.6 7.5
2001 41,116,842 1.5 1,969,269 4.8 33.8 62,610 0.2 3.2 7.3
2000 40,499,790 .. 1,472,458 3.6 .. 58,364 0.2 4.0 ..
Last annual update: 18/03/2021
Note  The values of foreigners and Portuguese nationals are reported on January 1 of the years indicated by the statistical institute.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Instituto Nacional de Estadísticaséries anuais do Padron Municipal de habitantesPoblación por nacionalidad, pais de nacimiento y sexo.
A.2 Foreign population, 2000-2020
(individuals)
Years Total population Foreigners
All foreigners Foreigners with Portuguese citizenship
N Change in % N As a % of total population Change in % N As a % of total population As a % of all foreigners Change in %
2020 47,450,795 0.9 5,434,153 11.5 7.9 97,628 0.2 1.4 4.5
2019 47,026,208 0.6 5,036,878 10.7 6.4 93,440 0.2 1.4 4.3
2018 46,722,980 0.3 4,734,691 10.1 3.6 89,616 0.2 1.4 1.3
2017 46,572,132 0.0 4,572,807 9.8 -1.0 88,451 0.2 1.4 -3.3
2016 46,557,008 -0.2 4,618,581 9.9 -2.4 91,371 0.2 1.5 -8.1
2015 46,624,382 -0.3 4,729,644 10.2 -6.2 98,751 0.2 1.6 -11.1
2014 46,771,341 -0.8 5,023,487 10.8 -10.4 109,708 0.2 1.8 -17.7
2013 47,129,783 -0.3 5,546,238 11.8 -3.4 129,079 0.3 2.0 -7.4
2012 47,265,321 0.2 5,736,258 12.1 -0.3 138,682 0.3 2.1 -1.6
2011 47,190,493 0.4 5,751,487 12.2 0.1 140,824 0.3 2.1 -1.2
2010 47,021,031 0.6 5,747,734 12.2 1.8 142,520 0.3 2.2 1.2
2009 46,745,807 1.3 5,648,671 12.1 7.2 140,870 0.3 2.2 10.8
2008 46,157,822 2.1 5,268,762 11.4 16.6 127,199 0.3 2.1 26.4
2007 45,200,737 1.1 4,519,554 10.0 9.1 100,616 0.2 1.9 24.8
2006 44,708,964 1.4 4,144,166 9.3 11.1 80,635 0.2 1.7 21.7
2005 44,108,530 2.1 3,730,610 8.5 23.0 66,236 0.2 1.5 18.8
2004 43,197,684 1.1 3,034,326 7.0 13.9 55,769 0.1 1.5 -1.6
2003 42,717,064 2.1 2,664,168 6.2 34.7 56,672 0.1 1.7 8.9
2002 41,837,894 1.8 1,977,946 4.7 44.3 52,055 0.1 2.0 10.6
2001 41,116,842 1.5 1,370,657 3.3 48.4 47,064 0.1 2.4 8.6
2000 40,499,790 .. 923,879 2.3 .. 43,339 0.1 3.0 ..
Last annual update:18/03/2021
Note  The values of foreigners and Portuguese nationals are reported on January 1 of the years indicated by the statistical institute.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Instituto Nacional de Estadísticaséries anuais do Padron Municipal de habitantesPoblación por nacionalidad, pais de nacimiento y sexo.
A.3 Consular registrations, 2008-2019
(individuals)
Years All registrations Registrations by migrants born in Portugal Registrations by migrants with Portuguese citizenship
N Change in % N As a % of all registrations Change in % N As a % of all registrations Change in %
2019 125,382 69.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2018 74,112 -4.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2017 77,710 -0.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2016 78,125 39.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2015 56,104 4.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2014 53,600 10.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2013 48,653 -36.1 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2012 66,212 6.2 47,959 72.4 7.6 63,508 95.9 6.7
2011 62,381 7.5 44,586 71.5 6.2 59,535 95.4 2.8
2010 58,031 7.4 41,982 72.4 6.1 57,920 99.8 7.4
2009 54,018 8.7 39,562 73.2 7.3 53,912 99.8 8.7
2008 49,706 .. 36,877 74.2 .. 49,603 99.8 ..
Last annual update: 19/10/2020
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Portuguese consulates abroad and Consular Management System (DGACCP), values granted upon request.
A.4 Foreign inflows, 2000-2019
(individuals)
Years Total inflows Portuguese inflows
N Change in % N As a % of total population Change in %
2019 873,842 14.9 10,155 1.2 -4.7
2018 760,804 19.4 10,636 1.4 17.7
2017 637,375 19.2 9,038 1.4 18.2
2016 534,574 17.3 7,646 1.4 15.2
2015 455,679 13.9 6,638 1.5 12.1
2014 399,947 16.8 5,923 1.5 11.7
2013 342,390 1.9 5,302 1.6 -17.0
2012 336,110 -23.9 6,201 1.8 -19.7
2011 416,282 -3.6 7,424 1.8 -3.4
2010 431,334 -8.8 7,678 1.8 -26.8
2009 469,342 -47.5 9,739 2.1 -73.1
2008 692,228 -33.0 16,857 2.4 -61.2
2007 920,534 14.6 27,178 3.0 31.6
2006 802,971 17.6 20,658 2.6 55.0
2005 682,711 5.7 13,327 2.0 35.3
2004 645,844 50.4 9,851 1.5 104.2
2003 429,524 -3.2 4,825 1.1 36.4
2002 443,085 12.4 3,538 0.8 15.7
2001 394,048 19.1 3,057 0.8 3.0
2000 330,881 .. 2,968 0.9 ..
Last annual update: 17/06/2020
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Instituto Nacional de Estadística, séries anuais da Estadística de variaciones residencialesAltas por variación residencial con procedencia del extranjero por país de nacionalidad y comunidad autónoma de destino (accessed in 12/11/2012), Altas por país de nacionalidad (2012) (accessed in 04/09/2013), Altas por comunidad autónoma de destino y país de nacionalidad (2013, 2014 e 2015) (accessed in 24/06/2016), Altas por país de nacionalidad, lugar de nacimiento y sexo (2016, 2017 and 2018).
A.5 Acquisition of citizenship of the destination country, 2000-2019
(individuals)
Years Acquisition of citizenship by all foreigners Acquisition of citizenship by Portuguese
N Change in % N As a % of total population Change in %
2019 162,799 76.0 596 0.4 58.1
2018 92,501 256.8 377 0.4 179.3
2017 25,924 -261.7 135 0.5 -253.3
2016 93,760 20.2 477 0.5 39.9
2015 78,000 -20.2 341 0.4 -45.5
2014 93,714 -178.8 496 0.5 -155.0
2013 261,295 126.1 1,265 0.5 52.4
2012 115,557 0.8 830 0.7 -6.5
2011 114,599 -8.0 884 0.8 10.5
2010 123,721 55.4 800 0.6 65.0
2009 79,597 -5.8 485 0.6 -16.7
2008 84,170 17.2 566 0.7 48.6
2007 71,810 15.2 381 0.5 -12.9
2006 62,339 45.6 430 0.7 -11.2
2005 42,829 11.7 478 1.1 -32.6
2004 38,335 44.4 634 1.7 18.3
2003 26,556 21.8 536 2.0 -17.0
2002 21,805 30.2 627 2.9 12.4
2001 16,743 39.5 558 3.3 23.5
2000 11,999 .. 452 3.8 ..
Last annual update: 20/04/2020
Note In 2017 there is a marked decrease due to administrative processes. The data correspond to the acquisition of nationality whose resolution depends on delegation to the Directorate General of the Ministry of Justice and not to other routes of acquisition that are under the competence of the Civil Registries.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Secretaría General de Inmigración y EmigraciónConcesiones de nacionalidad española por residencia.
A.6 Remittances, 2000-2020
(euros, thousands)
Years Inward flows (thousand euros) (a) Outward flows (thousand euros) (b) Balance (a/b)
N Change in %   Change in %
2020 111,780 -2.2 10,700 6.0 10
2019 114,280 -6.3 10,090 -33.6 11
2018 121,520 5.4 13,480 -13.4 9
2017 115,330 -22.4 15,280 -5.6 8
2016 141,140 7.8 16,130 20.6 9
2015 130,990 -27.4 13,370 -3.7 10
2014 166,930 6.5 13,870 -9.9 12
2013 156,700 20.6 15,240 1.4 10
2012 129,910 47.0 15,030 27.0 9
2011 88,410 -25.6 11,830 -5.1 7
2010 111,030 -11.5 12,430 21.3 9
2009 123,820 -2.0 10,250 -3.8 12
2008 126,230 30.6 10,640 4.5 12
2007 96,690 56.4 10,180 14.5 10
2006 61,810 19.9 8,890 -2.6 7
2005 51,560 -18.3 9,120 -110.0 6
2004 60,970 -14.6 19,150 18.1 3
2003 69,890 -11.5 16,210 -0.2 4
2002 77,950 34.0 16,240 25.0 5
2001 58,190 2.4 12,990 119.4 4
2000 56,820 .. 5,920 .. 10
Last annual update: 17/02/2021
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from Banco de PortugalBP stat, Estatísticas de balança de pagamentos, Remessas de emigrantes/imigrantes.
Census
B.1 Resident population by census and nationality, according to country of birth, 2011-2012
(individuals)
Census by nationality Total population All foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2011/2012            
Total 46,804,900 100 5,648,935 100 98,975 100
National 41,562,780 88.8 912,695 16.2 16,080 16.2
Foreign 5,242,120 11.2 4,736,240 83.8 82,895 83.8
Last annual update: 18/03/2021
Note ! Other situations or missing values: 11,010
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from European Union, Eurostat, 2011 census hub
B.2 Resident population by census and sex, according to country of birth, 2001-2012
(individuals)
Census by sex Total population All foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2011/2012            
Total 46,815,910 100 5,648,990 100 98,975 100
Male 23,104,350 49.4 2,863,845 50.7 57,425 58.0
Female 23,711,560 50.6 2,785,145 49.3 41,550 42.0
2001/2002            
Total 40,847,371 100 2,172,201 100 56,359 100
Male 20,012,882 49.0 1,096,431 50.5 27,490 48.8
Female 20,834,489 51.0 1,075,770 49.5 28,869 51.2
Last annual update: 13/11/2019
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from European Union, Eurostat2011 census hub
B.3 Resident population by census and age group, according to country of birth, 2001-2012
(individuals)
Census by age group Total population All foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2011/2012            
Total 46,815,910 100 5,648,995 100 98,975 100
-15 Years 7,069,260 15.1 545,735 9.7 7,375 7.5
15-39 Years 15,789,355 33.7 2,832,645 50.2 36,005 36.4
40-64 Years 15,841,480 33.8 1,909,580 33.8 44,910 45.4
65+ Years 8,115,815 17.3 361,035 6.4 10,685 10.8
2001/2002            
Total 40,847,371 100 2,172,201 100 56,359 100
-15 Years 5,932,653 14.5 231,139 10.6 3,631 6.4
15-39 Years 15,821,076 38.7 1,232,783 56.8 22,730 40.3
40-64 Years 12,135,126 29.7 551,679 25.4 22,929 40.7
65+ Years 6,958,516 17.0 156,600 7.2 7,069 12.6
Last annual update: 13/11/2019
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from European Union, Eurostat2011 census hub
B.5 Resident population by census and labour force status, according to country of birth, 2011-2012
(individuals)
Census by labour force status Total population All foreign-born Born in Portugal
N % N % N %
2011/2012            
Total 46,815,915 100 5,648,995 100 98,975 100
Employed 17,530,100 37.4 2,238,340 39.6 41,740 42.2
Unemployed 7,380,945 15.8 1,484,525 26.3 20,515 20.7
Inactive 21,904,870 46.8 1,926,130 34.1 36,720 37.1
Last annual update: 18/03/2021
Note ! In the source the sum of the categories includes 5 more individuals than the indicated total.
Source Table by Observatório da Emigração [Emigration Observatory], data from European Union, Eurostat, 2011 census hub
Notes
[ .. ] data not available, residual data, not applicable
e estimate
Data [+]

United Nations, DESA, Population Division: international migrant stock

OECD: database on immigrants in OECD and non-OECD countries (DIOC)

OECD: international migration database

Highlights [+]

Emigration to Spain halts growth and decreases in 2019

Emigration to Spain exceeds ten thousand entries

Emigration to Spain grew 18% in 2017

Interviews [+]

The sociodemographic profile of emigrants from the Portuguese Northwest
[O perfil sociodemográfico dos emigrantes do Noroeste português]

Emigration is no news for the Portuguese
[A emigração não é novidade para os portugueses]

The evolution of Portuguese emigration in distinct modalities
[A evolução da emigração portuguesa em modalidades distintas]

News and events [+]

Publications [+]

Portuguese Emigration. Statistical Report 2018
[Emigração Portuguesa. Relatório Estatístico 2018]

Portugal: An in-depth analysis of the emigration of skilled labour

Portuguese Emigration Factbook 2017

Resources [+]

Bibliography

(2015), Ecos das migrações: Memórias e representações dos migrantes Séculos XIX-XX , null, Almedina

Research Centers [+]

CEMC – Centro para el Estudio de las Migraciones y Ciudadanía

CER-M – Centre d'Estudis i Recerca en Migracions

Grup de Recerca sobre Migracions (GRM)

PDF
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Observatório da Emigração Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa

Av. das Forças Armadas,
1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal

T. (+351) 210 464 018

F. (+351) 217 940 074

observatorioemigracao@iscte.pt

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