Home / Publications / OEm Fact Sheets / The return of Portuguese emigrants, 2001-2011
The return of Portuguese emigrants, 2001-2011
Isabel Tiago de Oliveira*, Pedro Candeias**, João Peixoto***, Jorge Malheiros****, Joana Azevedo*
In the first decade of this century (2001-2011), at least 233 thousand Portuguese emigrants returned to Portugal. The large majority (almost 70%) returned from France, Switzerland, Spain, United Kingdom and Germany (France is the country with the largest proportion - about a quarter). The large majority returns during working age (more than 75%) and the proportion of those who return in retirement age is comparatively much lower (less than 20%). In the population that has already reached the working age (15 years or more) and has returned in this decade, education tends to be low (almost 60% has a maximum of 9 years of schooling, less than 30% has secondary education and a little more than 10% has higher education). Regarding labour status, the most frequent condition is to be employed (more than 40%), followed by retirement (about 25%) and unemployment is a significant situation (slightly more than 10%). Finally, about 80% of the returned emigrants with a job, is an employee. +


Series  OEm Fact Sheets
Number  06
Date  November 2017 
Pages  26
ISNN  2183-4385
DOI  10.15847/CIESOEMFS062017
Keywords  Portugal, emigration, returns, censuses
Contents  Introduction. Volume and demographic characteristics of the emigrant population that returned between 2001 and 2011. Socioeconomic characterization of the emigrant population returned between 2001 and 2011. Bibliographical references
Cite as  Oliveira, Isabel Tiago de, Pedro Candeias, João Peixoto, Jorge Malheiros e Joana Azevedo (2017), “The return of Portuguese emigrants, 2001-2011”, OEm Fact Sheets, 6, Observatório da Emigração, CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL. DOI: 10.15847/CIESOEMFS062017.


Map 1  Returned emigrants between 2001 and 2011: 25 leading return countries (more than 500 migrants)

Note  Returned Portuguese immigrants living in Portugal in 2011.
Source  Elaboração própria, data from Censos de 2011 made available by INE.


* CIES-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL). ** ICS; SOCIUS/CSG, Universidade de Lisboa. *** SOCIUS/CSG, Universidade de Lisboa. **** CEG, IGOT, Universidade de Lisboa


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